Without proper footwear, the game of a tennis player becomes deficit. You might be having a great serve and an excellent backhand, but a good footwear is what you need to get an edge in your game.

A good tennis shoe manages all the constant movement on the court, side to side court coverage, the back and forth to the net, lunging, jumping, running, and the quick pivot that are required in a tennis match. The design of tennis shoes is such that it abides by the game’s constant movements and rapid starts and stops.

Choosing the right tennis shoe may be difficult given the wide selection available. There are several factors you should consider before making the final selection. The style of tennis you play, your foot type and the type of court you usually use.

Tennis shoes are built with stiffer and heavier material than other sport shoes. Their flat and durable soles are designed in order to prevent sliding and stumbling on the court while making rapid movements.

Fit/Feet Type

Your footwork, the way you walk and stand, the type of foot you have, all have an enormous effect on the way that shoes fit, feel and perform for you. Though every foot is different, there are some general types of classification of feet.


If you see a lot of wear on the inner side of the sole and around the ball of your foot, then you fall under Pronated foot category. The Pronated foot is the type of foot that is most usually associated with injury. You must be extra careful in selecting the shoes and choose a tennis shoe that has lots cushioning and extra support.


If you see a lot of wear along the outer side of the heel, then you are likely to have a Supinated foot. The shoes of players having a Supinated foot tend to wear faster than those with other types of foot. In that case, shoes with an extra durable sole would be the correct choice.


If your shoes seem to have an even wear all around then you fall under the rare category of Neutral types. Players with Ideal foot types can be flexible enough to opt for any kind of shoe as long as it is comfortable enough.

Playing Surface

The next key factor for any player is the Playing surface. Tennis matches are generally held on concrete, grass or clay and each one has a very different surface of play.

Clay courts offer a natural 'slide' as the player moves. So on a clay court, you can have slightly lighter lateral support, but the fine granules of dirt can be problematic to feet, so be sure that you choose a shoe with solid upper of leather or synthetic material.

Grass courts give players the most natural cushioning that allows you to forgo some cushioning in preference to more lateral support.

Concrete, being the most challenging for player's feet, is the most common playing surface. The hard surface is challenging while cushioning is comfortable. Lateral support is important as player's stops and starts are quite sharp on the firm concrete surface.

Body Type

Tennis players who are taller and heavier would want to consider heavier, more stable shoes that provide the extra support you need. On the other hand, smaller players should consider a lightweight shoe that is more manageable over long periods of physical exertion.

Style of Play

The style of tennis you play can also depict what tennis shoe is best suited for your needs. If you are a baseline player, a player who plays the back line of the court for most of the game, you will require a shoe with extra lateral support. This style of play mostly does side-to-side action and requires the most support for lateral movements.

If your play features the serve and volley with frequent changes to the net you should consider a tennis shoe with a toecap that gives extra protection to the front of your foot. This style of play is particularly tough on the toe and sole of the shoe, so consider an extra durable sole. However, it is important to remember that increased durability often means increased weight in the shoe, so make sure you consider after carefully evaluating your requirements before choosing a tennis shoe.


The materials used to develop the upper part of the tennis shoe varies and each of the materials benefits to players in a different way.

- Canvas will remain the coolest and allows air to flow in and out of the shoe, but it offers very little support for lateral movements.

- Leather is the most expensive. Provides the best support and keeps your feet dry in damp conditions.

- Vinyl can provide support similar to that of leather. Helps in resisting moisture the best, but not easily breathable, hence may cause feet to overheat.

Many tennis shoes combine the best of leather or vinyl by pairing them with a durable mesh facilitating the air to circulate through the shoe, cooling your feet and allowing moisture to evaporate. By keeping your feet cooler you resist fatigue and you can play better for longer periods of time.

When Should You Replace Your Tennis Shoes?

The rule of thumb is that you should replace your tennis shoes after 500 miles of wear. But it is not practical to calculate whether you have managed to travel 500 miles or not. However, you can observe the signs of wear which can be seen when shoes are failing. There are chances of your slipping on the court and succumbing to an injury if you notice that the tread pattern on the sole has become less evident particularly if smooth spots are emerging.

While serving, many players drag the toe of their shoe forward and handle forehand groundstrokes which results in rapid wear of their tennis shoe. In that case, you will require replacing your shoes more frequently than once a year.

This article is published as a part of Tennis Knowledge Repository of - India's #1 online tennis store. is India's most trusted online tennis portal and offers the widest range of tennis gear from all leading brands like Wilson, Head, Babolat, Yonex, Prince, Tecnifibre, Dunlop & more online at the most affordable prices.

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