Specifications of a Tennis Racquet

The modern-day tennis racquets have significant amount of science and technology built in – all to enhance the game. So much so, that it can get very confusing even for a regular tennis players.

So, here Tennis365.in’s Tennis experts lay it bare for you – things that you should know about tennis racquets. Read this and you can talk like a PRO when it comes to tennis racquets!

Head Size

The tennis racquet head size refers to the size of the actual hitting area within the tennis racket frame. The hitting area is most commonly measured using the unit as square inches. The power a player generates from a tennis racquet is largely determined by the head size of the racquet. In other words, the larger the head size of a racquet, the more power the racquet can generate. Larger head size provides a greater area to hit the ball, but also has a larger sweet spot. However, more head size also means loss of control.

Here is how tennis racquets are classified with respect to their head size:

Type of Racquets Head Size Ideal for
Midsize 85-95 square inches Advance/Professional Players
Midplus 95-110 square inches Advance/Professional & Intermediate Players
Oversize 110 -115 square inches Beginners & Intermediate Players
Super oversize 115-135 square inches Beginners


The weight determines how the racquet feels in your hand, and more importantly, how the racquet feels when you swing it. Weight of the tennis racquet is measured in grams (g) & can range from 225g to 340g.

Type of Racquets Weight Ideal for Power Control
Light 220 to 280 gms Juniors moving to a full-sized racket, beginners and women High Low
Medium 280 to 300 gms Intermediate Players Medium Medium
Heavy 300 to 340 gms Advance/Professional Players Low High


Balance is the measure of weight distribution along the length of the racquet. Balance of a tennis racquet deeply impacts how it plays and feels in the hands.

There are three types of balance distributions used in tennis racquets:

Type of Racquets Description Ideal for Power Maneuverability
Head Heavy Heavy on the head side Players with less strength but seeking more power in shots, typically beginners. High Low
Even Balance Equal balance across the head and the shaft Players seeking all round play, typically intermediate to advance level players Medium Medium
Head Light Heavy on the shaft side Players seeking good control and spin, typically advance level players Low High

Racquet Length

The longer the length of the racquet, the greater the leverage on a swing, therefore giving more power to a shot. The traditional length of racquet is 27 inches, but you can get longer racquets of up to 29 inches. Junior racquets ranges size ranges from 19 inches and goes upto 26 inches.

Various junior tennis racket sizes are also available. The list below gives an indication of the appropriate junior tennis racket size only. The most appropriate size will also depend on factors such as the ability and strength of the junior.

Racquet Size Ideal for Age/Height Reference
27 inch Adult Age 12 and over/ Height over 5 ft 2 in.
26 inch Junior Age 10 to 11 / Height 4 ft 8 in. to 5 ft 2 in.
25 inch Junior Age 8 to 10 / Height 4 ft 4 in. to 4 ft 8 in.
23 inch Junior Age 6 to 8 / Height 3 ft 11 in. to 4 ft 4 in
21 inch to 19 inch Junior Age 6 and under /Height under 3 ft 11 in.

Beam Width

The thicker the beam, the more powerful the racket will be. Most control rackets have beams between 18 and 21mm with most power rackets having beam widths of 25 to 28mm. Rackets with beam widths between 22 and 24mm provide a mixture of power and control.

Stringing Pattern

A stringing pattern is the number of mains and number of crosses.

  • 16 x 18 or 16 x 19 = Open string pattern
  • 18 x 20 = Dense or Closed string pattern

An open string pattern will offer more speed and spin but the durability of string is less. A dense string pattern will offer more control and will last longer

Grip Size

Tennis racket grip sizes/measurements are measured in inches with the most common grip size is 4 3/8”.

  • 4 1/8” = 1
  • 1/4" = 2
  • 4 3/8” = 3
  • 4 1/2" = 4
  • 4 5/8” = 5

Most juniors using full size tennis rackets choose grip size 1 or 2, most women opt for grip sizes 2 or 3 and most men opt for grip sizes 3 or 4. It is important to choose the correct size grip when buying a tennis racket in order to prevent strains and injuries and also so that the racket feels comfortable to hold and play with

If you are able to try out different racket grip sizes then the easiest way to select the right size is to hold the racket in your normal forehand grip. You should then be able to fit in a finger from your other hand which will touch both your palm and the tips of your fingers.

An alternative way to measure your grip size is to use a measuring ruler. Line up the ruler on your palm in line with the intersection of your thumb and fingers. The length from here to the top of your ring finger is roughly the right size.

This article is published as a part of Tennis Knowledge Repository of Tennis365.in - India's #1 online tennis store. Tennis365.in is India's most trusted online tennis portal and offers the widest range of tennis gear from all leading brands like Wilson, Head, Babolat, Yonex, Prince, Tecnifibre, Dunlop & more online at the most affordable prices.

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